Aikido was created by Morihei Ueshiba (December, 14 1883 – April, 26 1969), referred to by some Aikido practitioners as O-sensei (“Great Teacher”). Ueshiba envisioned Aikido not only as the synthesis of his martial training, but also an expression of his personal philosophy of universal peace and reconciliation. During Ueshiba’s lifetime and continuing today, Aikido has evolved from the Aiki that Ueshiba studied into a wide variety of expressions by martial artists throughout the world. Aikido can be translated as “the way of harmonious spirit” where at its core the art teaches self-defense based on non-resistance. The art itself is actually rooted in Japanese samurai warrior tradition however it replaces the mainstream battle focused martial approach with one of self-awareness and compassion.